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Back in the 1980s, scientists Barry Marshall and Robin Warren from the University of Perth, Australia, made a groundbreaking discovery about a stomach germ called Helicobacter pylori and its leading role in development of gastritis and stomach ulcers. Since then, we’ve been delving into how our diet affects this troublemaker. Here’s the lowdown on what to munch on and what to steer clear of when it comes to dealing with Helicobacter pylori.

Symptoms of Helicobacter pylori infection and Diet

If you’ve got Helicobacter pylori, you might experience discomfort like stomach pain, heartburn, and bloating. But did you know that what you eat can either soothe or stir up these symptoms? Let’s break down the dos and don’ts.

Alright, let’s break it down! So, can you beat that Helicobacter pylori with just your diet? Well, not entirely. While there’s no one-size-fits-all diet for this microorganism, there are certain foods that can lend a hand in preventing the infection or easing the symptoms if you’ve got it.

See, Helicobacter pylori loves to crank up the stomach acid, which can lead to some serious discomfort. That’s why it’s smart to opt for easily digestible, fiber-packed meals spread out over five or six smaller servings a day. This way, you’re not overloading your stomach, but you’re also not running on empty.

Now, if you’re hit with a wave of acid overload, a quick fix is a little baking soda. It swoops in and neutralizes that acidic environment, giving you some sweet relief. Just keep in mind, it’s a short-term solution. It won’t kick Helicobacter pylori to the curb, and that acid surge will be back after a few hours.

Remember, while diet can’t completely kick this bacteria to the curb, it’s a key player in making you feel better. So, keep those meals balanced and tummy-friendly!

Let’s talk about some super helpful foods if you’re dealing with that nasty Helicobacter pylori

Fermented products with probiotics

Ever heard of probiotics? They’re like the superheroes of your gut! These are the “good” bacteria that naturally hang out in your body, helping with the whole digestion process. Now, when it comes to Helicobacter pylori, probiotics won’t kick it out entirely, but they can put the brakes on its reproduction.

Here’s the cool part: probiotics keep the balance in your gut, making sure the “bad” bacteria don’t take over. This is especially crucial when you’re on antibiotics. Those meds can be a bit heavy-handed, messing with both the good and bad bacteria. That’s where probiotic-rich foods come to the rescue!

You’ve got the rock stars like yogurt and kefir, loaded with these helpful probiotics. And then there’s kombucha tea, another probiotic powerhouse. But hey, if you’re not a fan of munching on these, no worries! Probiotics also come in handy capsules or drops. Just make sure to follow the instructions.

So, load up on those probiotics, and let them do their magic in keeping your gut health in check! These good bacteria can slow down Helicobacter pylori and help restore your gut’s balance, especially during antibiotic therapy.

Fruits and vegetables

Loading up on fruits and veggies is like giving your gut a big bear hug. It helps keep all kinds of tummy troubles at bay. While munching on them raw is super healthy, if you’ve got a touch of gastritis or Helicobacter pylori, the fiber in fruits and veggies might be a little too much for your inflamed tummy. No worries though, you can still get the goodness! Sip on fruit and veggie juices, or give them a quick stew or cook.

Now, let’s talk about some rockstar foods: carrots, potatoes, broccoli, and apples. They’re fibrous and super easy on your stomach, usually causing zero extra fuss.

Speaking of broccoli, it’s got this natural superhero compound called sulforane. It’s like a secret weapon against Helicobacter pylori. When patients with mild signs of Helicobacter pylori infection chowed down on broccoli sprouts (about 70 grams a day), it actually lowered the amount of Helicobacter pylori hanging around in their system. Pretty cool, right? You’ll also find this good stuff sulforane in cauliflower, cabbage, and radishes. But, you’d need to munch on a whole lot of them regularly for a real knockout effect. Just to be clear, it’s not a standalone cure. It’s more like a helpful sidekick during your treatment.

Next up, we’ve got these cool compounds called polyphenols. They’re like little warriors against Helicobacter pylori and they’re amazingly packed in berries – blueberries, raspberries, strawberries, blackberries, and cranberries. There was this study where people with H. pylori sipped on blueberry juice daily, and guess what? 15% of them had no trace of the bacteria after treatment. It’s all thanks to those mighty polyphenols. As with broccoli, polyphenols are not a solo hero – they work alongside your treatment, not as a complete cure on its own.

Fruits and vegetables packed with polyphenols are like a health booster. They can do some really good stuff like calming inflammation, giving your immune system a boost, and acting like little antioxidants. So, when it comes to dealing with Helicobacter pylori, thay can definitely lend a helping hand!

Now, citrus fruits are like a mixed bag. They’re loaded with vitamin C, which is great for healing up inflamed tissues. But, their natural acidity can be a bit much for your stomach when having H. pylori. So, go for them in moderation!

Manuka Honey Magic

Certain types of honey, like manuka honey, have this cool power to slow down bacteria growth. Turns out, if you have this manuka honey at least once a week, it can actually lower the chances of getting a Helicobacter pylori infection. Incorporating it into your diet can help prevent new infection.

Omega 3 Oasis

Olive oil, flax oil, flax seeds, salmon, and tuna are packed with omega 3 fatty acids. They’re known inflammation fighters, making them a smart choice for those dealing with a Helicobacter pylori infection in order to ease symptoms.

Tea Time

Green tea and herbal blends can reduce inflammation of the gastric mucosa, providing relief for Helicobacter pylori symptoms. Ginger tea is also a good option, especially if nausea is a concern.

Dietary Restrictions for Individuals with Helicobacter pylori Infection

Steer Clear of Stress

Stress, poor diet, and vices like alcohol and cigarettes can make Helicobacter pylori symptoms worse. It’s best to avoid them altogether.

Skip the Spicy and Acidic

Processed, fried, smoked, fatty, spicy, and acidic foods are a big no-no. They can intensify symptoms and up the risk of developing a Helicobacter pylori infection.

Watch the Salt

Too much salt can harm your stomach lining and make it easier for Helicobacter pylori to set up shop. Keep your salt intake in check.

Limit Alcohol and Coffee

Alcohol and excessive coffee can amp up stomach acidity, which is a recipe for discomfort if you’re dealing with Helicobacter pylori.

Remember, everyone’s body reacts differently, so consulting your doctor or a nutritionist for tailored advice is a wise move. The goal is to nourish your body without giving Helicobacter pylori a comfy home to thrive and not talking food which additionally irritate your inflamed mucosa.

Author: Ivana Beara, PhD in Biochemistry

Reference cited in this text:

Haley & Gadd. Nutrition and Helicobacter pylori: host diet and nutritional immunity influence bacterial virulence and disease outcome. Gastroent Res Pract. 2016; Article ID 3019362

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Homan & Orel. Are probiotics useful in Helicobacter pylori eradication? World J Gastroenterol. 2015; 21(37):10644-10653.

Liu et al Natural products for the prevention and management of Helicobacter pylori infection. Compr Rev Food Sci Food Saf. 2018 17(4):937-952.

Takeuchi et al Natural products and food components with anti-Helicobacter pylori activities. World J Gastroenterol. 2014; 20(27):8971-8978.